- In all the Hebrew manuscripts the Pentateuch (q.v.) forms one roll or volume divided into larger and smaller sections called parshioth_ and _sedarim. It is not easy to say when it was divided into five books. This was probably first done by the Greek translators of the book, whom the Vulgate follows. The fifth of these books was called by the Greeks Deuteronomion, i.e., the second law, hence our name Deuteronomy, or a second statement of the laws already promulgated. The Jews designated the book by the two first Hebrew words that occur, _'Elle haddabharim_, i.e., "These are the words." They divided it into eleven parshioth. In the English Bible it contains thirty-four chapters.It consists chiefly of three discourses delivered by Moses a short time before his death. They were spoken to all Israel in the plains of Moab, in the eleventh month of the last year of their wanderings.The first discourse (1-4:40) recapitulates the chief events of the last forty years in the wilderness, with earnest exhortations to obedience to the divine ordinances, and warnings against the danger of forsaking the God of their fathers.The seond discourse (5-26:19) is in effect the body of the whole book. The first address is introductory to it. It contains practically a recapitulation of the law already given by God at Mount Sinai, together with many admonitions and injunctions as to the course of conduct they were to follow when they were settled in Canaan.The concluding discourse (ch. 27-30) relates almost wholly to the solemn sanctions of the law, the blessings to the obedient, and the curse that would fall on the rebellious. He solemnly adjures them to adhere faithfully to the covenant God had made with them, and so secure for themselves and their posterity the promised blessings.These addresses to the people are followed by what may be called three appendices, namely (1), a song which God had commanded Moses to write (32:1-47); (2) the blessings he pronounced on the separate tribes (ch. 33); and (3) the story of his death (32:48-52) and burial (ch. 34), written by some other hand, probably that of Joshua.These farewell addresses of Moses to the tribes of Israel he had so long led in the wilderness "glow in each line with the emotions of a great leader recounting to his contemporaries the marvellous story of their common experience. The enthusiasm they kindle, even to-day, though obscured by translation, reveals their matchless adaptation to the circumstances under which they were first spoken. Confidence for the future is evoked by remembrance of the past. The same God who had done mighty works for the tribes since the Exodus would cover their head in the day of battle with the nations of Palestine, soon to be invaded. Their great lawgiver stands before us, vigorous in his hoary age, stern in his abhorrence of evil, earnest in his zeal for God, but mellowed in all relations to earth by his nearness to heaven. The commanding wisdom of his enactments, the dignity of his position as the founder of the nation and the first of prophets, enforce his utterances. But he touches our deepest emotions by the human tenderness that breathes in all his words. Standing on the verge of life, he speaks as a father giving his parting counsels to those he loves; willing to depart and be with God he has served so well, but fondly lengthening out his last farewell to the dear ones of earth. No book can compare with Deuteronomy in its mingled sublimity and tenderness." Geikie, Hours, etc.The whole style and method of this book, its tone and its peculiarities of conception and expression, show that it must have come from one hand. That the author was none other than Moses is established by the following considerations:1) The uniform tradition both of the Jewish and the Christian Church down to recent times.2) The book professes to have been written by Moses (1:1; 29:1; 31:1, 9-11, etc.), and was obviously intended to be accepted as his work.3) The incontrovertible testimony of our Lord and his apostles (Matt. 19:7, 8; Mark 10:3, 4; John 5:46, 47; Acts 3:22; 7:37; Rom. 10:19) establishes the same conclusion.4) The frequent references to it in the later books of the canon (Josh. 8:31; 1 Kings 2:9; 2 Kings 14:6; 2 Chr. 23:18; 25:4; 34:14; Ezra 3:2; 7:6; Neh. 8:1; Dan. 9:11, 13) prove its antiquity; and (5) the archaisms found in it are in harmony with the age in which Moses lived.6) Its style and allusions are also strikingly consistent with the circumstances and position of Moses and of the people at that time.This body of positive evidence cannot be set aside by the conjectures and reasonings of modern critics, who contended that the book was somewhat like a forgery, introduced among the Jews some seven or eight centuries after the Exodus.
Easton's Bible Dictionary. M.G. Easton. 1897.
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DEUTERONOMY — (Heb. םירָבד רֶפס, Sefer Devarim, short for סֵפֶר וְאֵלֶה הַדּבָרִים, Sefer ve elleh ha devarim, The Book of These Are the Words ), the fifth book of the Pentateuch. The name Deuteronomy is derived from the Greek translation of מִשְׁנֶה הַתּוֹרָה … Encyclopedia of Judaism
Deuteronomy — (Greek deuteronomion , Δευτερονόμιον second law ) is the fifth book of the Hebrew Bible and of the Old Testament. In form it is a set of three sermons delivered by Moses reviewing the previous forty years of wandering in the wilderness; its… … Wikipedia
Deuteronomy — 1 Deuteronomy 2 Deuteronomy 3 Deuteronomy 4 Deuteronomy 5 Deuteronomy 6 Deuteronomy 7 Deuteronomy 8 Deuteronomy 9 Deuteronomy 10 Deuteronomy 11 … The King James version of the Bible
Deuteronomy — • This term occurs in Deut., xvii, 18 and Jos., viii, 32, and is the title of one of the five books of the Pentateuch Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Deuteronomy Deuteronomy … Catholic encyclopedia
Deuteronomy — Deu ter*on o*my, n. [Gr. ?; ? second + ? law: cf. L. Deuteronomium.] (Bibl.) The fifth book of the Pentateuch, containing the second giving of the law by Moses. || … The Collaborative International Dictionary of English
Deuteronomy — 5th book of the Pentateuch, late 14c., from L.L. Deuteronomium, from Gk. Deuteronomion, lit. second law, from deuteros second + nomos law (see NUMISMATICS (Cf. numismatics)). A mistranslation of Hebrew mishneh hattorah hazzoth a copy of this law… … Etymology dictionary
Deuteronomy — [do͞ot΄ər än′ə mē, dyo͞ot΄ər än′ə mē] n. [LL(Ec) Deuteronomium < Gr Deuteronomion: see DEUTERO & NOMY] the fifth book of the Pentateuch in the Bible, in which the law of Moses is set down in full for the second time: abbrev. Deut or Dt … English World dictionary
Deuteronomy — /dooh teuh ron euh mee, dyooh /, n. the fifth book of the Pentateuch, containing a second statement of the Mosaic law. Abbr.: Deut. [ < LL Deuteronomium < Gk Deuteronómion (see DEUTERO , NOMY); earlier Deutronome, ME Deutronomie < LL] * * * ▪… … Universalium
Deuteronomy — noun the fifth book of the Old Testament; contains a second statement of Mosaic law • Syn: ↑Book of Deuteronomy • Instance Hypernyms: ↑book • Part Holonyms: ↑Torah, ↑Pentateuch, ↑Laws … Useful english dictionary
Deuteronomy — noun Etymology: Middle English Deutronomie, from Late Latin Deuteronomium, from Greek Deuteronomion, from deuter + nomos law more at nimble the fifth book of canonical Jewish and Christian Scripture containing narrative and Mosaic laws see bible… … New Collegiate Dictionary